A caesarean section or ‘C-section’ is a type of birth in which the baby is born through a cut that a surgeon makes in your uterus and belly.
As our bodies differ largely from one another, for some women and their babies, it might be safer to opt for a caesarean section. On the other hands, you may need a c-section for medical reasons that could affect your pregnancy.
If your pregnancy is healthy and there aren’t any medical reasons to have a c-section, it is best to have the baby through vaginal birth.
What Are The Medical Reasons For A C-Section?
Your healthcare provider may advise going for a c-section for medical reasons and complications that may affect the birth. These may include:
There are complications with the placenta. The placenta grows in the uterus and supplies the baby with oxygen and food through the umbilical cord. Problems here could cause excessive bleeding during vaginal birth.
You are having twins or more babies.
You have a chronic health problem like high blood pressure or diabetes.
You have had a c-section with a pregnancy earlier or there have been other surgeries on your uterus.
You have infections like genital herpes or HIV.
Complications during Labour and Birth
Your baby is too large to pass through the vagina.
Your baby is in a complex breech position. This could mean that the baby has its shoulders facing down or its bottom or feet are facing down. The ideal position for vaginal birth is head down.
Labour stops or it is extremely painful.
Your baby has a certain type of birth defect. Birth defects can lead to a change in the function or shape of one or more parts of the body. This can affect how the baby’s body develops, or how its body works.
Your baby has problems like a slow heart rate during labour. This condition is also referred to as ‘foetal distress’
Your baby’s umbilical cord has slipped through the vagina and could be flattened during vaginal birth. This is also referred to as an ‘umbilical cord pro-lapse’
When to Schedule a C-Section?
If there are legitimate medical reasons for a c-section, you and your doctor can plan and schedule a surgery. Preferably, discuss the possibilities of waiting at least until the 39th week of pregnancy. This gives your baby ample time to grow and develop before birth.
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